Sentences in spanish using IR verbs

In this post you will read some sentences in Spanish using IR verbs, verbs that have an -IR ending and therefore, belong to the third conjugation of the total of three verb conjugations that exist in Spanish.
The first 30 sentences use the -ir verbs in their infinitive forms. The other sentences also use -ir verbs but not in infinitive but in different persons, and they are in present, past and future tenses.

After these thirty sentences with verbs ending in -IR in the infinitive, you can also read some sentences with verbs ending in -IR but conjugated in different persons.

Sentences using –ir verbs in infinitive Spanish

  1. Ellos quieren dormir porque están cansados.
    They want to sleep because they are tired.

  2. Me gustaría escribir una novela de aventuras.
    I would like to write an adventure novel.

  3. No puedo abrir el tarro de galletas.
    I can’t open the cookie jar.

  4. ¿Te gustaría ir al parque de atracciones?
    Would you like to go to the amusement park?

  5. Me gustaría vivir en Noruega algún día.
    I would like to live in Norway someday.

  6. Me gusta compartir memes en mis redes sociales.
    I like to share memes on my social networks.

  7. No podemos permitir que haya corrupción en el gobierno.
    We cannot allow corruption in government.

  8. Los manifestantes piden abolir la tauromaquia en España.
    Protesters call for the abolition of bullfighting in Spain.

  9. Debo admitir que esto es un poco difícil para mí.
    I must admit that this is a bit difficult for me.

  10. Para hacer la receta, debes batir el merengue muy bien.
    To make the recipe, you must beat the meringue very well.

  11. Me gustaría competir en el campeonato el próximo año.
    I would like to compete in the championship next year.

  12. Tienes que fundir el chocolate para hacer la cobertura de la tarta.
    You have to melt the chocolate to make the cake frosting.

  13. Debes cubrir la herida de tu dedo con una gasa para evitar una infección.
    You should cover the wound on your finger with gauze to avoid infection.

  14. Deberías ingerir alimentos saludables para tener una vida sana.
    You should eat healthy foods for a healthy life.

  15. ¿Te vas a inscribir en el curso de italiano?
    Are you going to enroll in the Italian course?

  16. No puedo oír sonidos con mi oído derecho.
    I cannot hear sounds with my right ear.

  17. Después de hablar con ella, he comprendido que puede ocurrir de todo.
    After talking to her, I understood that anything can happen.

  18. ¿Puedes partir el bizcocho en porciones?
    Can you divide the cake into portions?

  19. El presidente de la asociación ha decidido dimitir después de ser criticado por sus polémicas declaraciones.
    The president of the association has decided to resign after being criticized for his controversial statements.

  20. Su cuenta en esa red social fue suspendida por difundir noticias falsas.
    His account on that social network was suspended for spreading false news.

  21. Antes de morir, visitó el pueblo en el que pasó su infancia.
    Before he died, he visited the village where he spent his childhood.

  22. Se teme que las inundaciones puedan destruir edificios.
    It is feared that flooding could destroy buildings.

  23. Ella es muy honesta, no quiere mentir a las personas.
    She is very honest, she doesn’t want to lie to people.

  24. Él es muy buen profesor, se le da muy bien transmitir conocimientos a sus alumnos.
    He is a very good teacher, he is very good at transmitting knowledge to his students.

  25. Quiero lucir mi nuevo vestido en la fiesta de graduación.
    I want to show off my new dress at the prom.

  26. Tengo que imprimir los billetes de avión.
    I have to print the airline tickets.

  27. El ladrón intento huir después de atracar el banco.
    The robber attempted to flee after robbing the bank.

  28. Me han llamado para sustituir a un recepcionista de un hotel durante unas semanas.
    I have been called to replace a hotel receptionist for a few weeks.

  29. Si compras un armario para esa habitación, tiene que medir menos de dos metros de alto.
    If you buy a closet for that room, it has to be less than two meters high.

  30. He decidido omitir algunos datos en la presentación.
    I have decided to omit some data in the presentation.

Sentences using –ir verbs in different forms

  1. Ella está durmiendo. (DORMIR)
    She is sleeping.

  2. He preferido no decir nada sobre el asunto. (PREFERIR)
    I preferred not to say anything about the matter.

  3. El ladrón huyó antes de que llegara la policía. (HUIR)
    The thief fled before the police arrived.

  4. No he oído lo que has dicho. ¿Puedes repetirlo, por favor? (OÍR)
    I didn’t hear what you said, can you repeat it, please?

  5. ¿Qué ha ocurrido? (OCURRIR)
    What happened?

  6. Escribí un informe las consecuencias de este suceso. (ESCRIBIR)
    I wrote a report on the consequences of this event.

  7. Vivimos en un apartamento pequeño a las afueras de la ciudad. (VIVIR)
    We live in a small apartment on the outskirts of the city.

  8. Vamos al supermercado a comprar arroz, aceite y manzanas. (IR)
    We go to the supermarket to buy rice, oil and apples.

  9. Abriré la ventana para que entre aire fresco. (ABRIR)
    I will open the window to let fresh air in.

  10. Tomé un calmante para el dolor de cabeza y no siento dolor. (SENTIR)
    I took a painkiller for my headache and I feel no pain.

50 Sentences in Spanish using ESTAR

In this post you can see sentences in Spanish using ESTAR, one of the most used verbs in Spanish. With these sentences you can see in context how to use the verb estar in singular and plural persons, and also in different verb tenses (present, past, future). You can also read the English translations of the different sentences.

Sentences using the verb estar in Spanish

  1. Estoy cansado. Voy a dormir.
    I am tired. I’m going to sleep.

  2. Ella está en Barcelona ahora mismo.
    She is in Barcelona right now.

  3. Mi coche está averiado.
    My car is broken down.

  4. El bolso está vacío.
    The bag is empty.

  5. Ellos están muy contentos.
    They are very happy.

  6. Ana está casada con Roberto.
    Ana is married to Roberto.

  7. La botella está llena de zumo de naranja.
    The bottle is filled with orange juice.

  8. El libro está encima de la mesa.
    The book is on the table.

  9. Ella estaba muy guapa con ese vestido.
    She looked very pretty in that dress.

  10. Estoy sediento. ¿Me puedes dar un vaso de agua, por favor?
    I’m thirsty. Can I have a glass of water, please?

  11. Estoy triste.
    I am sad.

  12. El cristal de la ventana está roto.
    The window glass is broken.

  13. La caja está debajo de la cama.
    The box is under the bed.

  14. ¿Cómo estás?
    How are you?

  15. Vosotros estáis en Barcelona, pero yo estoy en Madrid.
    You are in Barcelona, but I am in Madrid.

  16. Estoy muy emocionada por las últimas noticias.
    I am very excited about the latest news.

  17. Esta canción me hace estar alegre.
    This song makes me happy.

  18. El libro está en el salón.
    The book is in the living room.

  19. ¿Dónde está tu hermana?
    Where is your sister?

  20. ¿Por qué está la camisa en el suelo?
    Why is the shirt on the floor?

  21. ¿Cuándo estará a la venta este videojuego?
    When will this video game be available?

  22. Mi hermano está en la escuela.
    My brother is at school.

  23. Estoy pensando en comprar un nuevo colchón.
    I am thinking of buying a new mattress.

  24. Estamos preocupados por él.
    We are worried about him.

  25. La comida está deliciosa.
    The food is delicious.

  26. Esas zapatillas están rotas.
    Those shoes are broken.

  27. La ropa está sucia.
    The clothes are dirty.

  28. Tus manos están muy frías.
    Your hands are very cold.

  29. ¿Estás preparado?
    Are you ready?

  30. El abrigo está en el armario.
    The coat is in the closet.

  31. Las llaves están aquí.
    The keys are here.

  32. ¿Está abierto el supermercado hoy?
    Is the supermarket open today?

  33. La Torre Eiffel está en París.
    The Eiffel Tower is in Paris.

  34. ¡Estás espectacular!
    You look stunning!

  35. El collar está en el cajón.
    The necklace is in the drawer.

  36. ¿Por qué estás triste?
    Why are you sad?

  37. Si estás preocupado por algo, llámame.
    If you are worried about something, call me.

  38. Estoy en el trabajo.
    I am at work.

  39. El jersey está en la cama.
    The sweater is on the bed.

  40. La taza está demasiado caliente.
    The mug is too hot.

  41. La tienda está cerrada.
    The store is closed.

  42. ¿Por qué estás enfadado conmigo?
    Why are you angry with me?

  43. ¿Estarás en la fiesta de cumpleaños?
    Will you be at the birthday party?

  44. Estoy en la playa, ¿y tú?
    I’m at the beach, and you?

  45. Él está estudiando en la universidad.
    He is studying at the university.

  46. Estoy entusiasmado con mi nuevo trabajo.
    I am excited about my new job.

  47. Estoy con Miranda en el cine.
    I’m with Miranda at the movies.

  48. ¿Estáis en casa?
    Are you at home?

  49. La luz del salón está encendida.
    The living room light is on.

  50. El televisor está apagado.
    The TV is turned off.

60 Sentences in Spanish using SER

In this post you can read sentences in Spanish using SER, one of the most important verbs in Spanish, since this verb has many common uses in this language. This way you can see in context how to use the verb ser in singular and plural persons, and also in different verb tenses. You can also read the English translations of the different sentences.

Sentences using the verb ser in Spanish

  1. Soy Cristina. ¿Tú quién eres?
    I am Cristina. Who are you?

  2. Soy Pablo. ¿Usted quién es?
    I am Pablo. Who are you?

  3. Ella es de Madrid. Yo soy de Murcia.
    She is from Madrid. I am from Murcia.
    ¿De qué color es tu coche? Mi coche es de color rojo.

  4. eres mi amigo.
    You are my friend.

  5. Vosotros sois muy inteligentes.
    You are very smart.

  6. Ella es mi prima.
    She is my cousin.

  7. Esta casa es preciosa.
    This house is beautiful.

  8. Esa chaqueta es muy cara.
    That jacket is very expensive.

  9. Este es mi libro favorito.
    This is my favorite book.

  10. Yo soy español.
    I am Spanish.

  11. Ella es peluquera.
    She is a hairdresser.

  12. ¿Qué hora es? Son las nueve.
    What time is it? It is nine o’clock.

  13. Elena es rubia.
    Elena is blonde.

  14. Hoy es lunes.
    Today is Monday.

  15. Esta película es muy divertida.
    This movie is very funny.

  16. ¿Cuál es tu comida favorita?
    What is your favorite food?

  17. Mis hermanos son profesores.
    My brothers are teachers.

  18. Su madre es de Francia.
    Her mother is from France.

  19. Este tema es muy interesante.
    This topic is very interesting.

  20. Ella es pelirroja y tiene los ojos verdes.
    She has red hair and green eyes.

  21. ¿Qué hora es?
    What time is it?

  22. ¿Qué es eso?
    What is that?

  23. Él es muy gracioso.
    He is very funny.

  24. Este vestido es de un diseñador famoso.
    This dress is from a famous designer.

  25. Mi padre vive en España, pero es de Argentina.
    My father lives in Spain, but he is from Argentina.

  26. Mis amigos son muy divertidos y generosos.
    My friends are very funny and generous.

  27. El dólar estadounidense es la moneda oficial de los Estados Unidos.
    The U.S. dollar is the official currency of the United States.

  28. ¿Eres zurdo o diestro?
    Are you left-handed or right-handed?

  29. Algunos de los lugares más visitados de Barcelona son la Sagrada Familia y el Park Güell.
    Some of the most visited places in Barcelona are the Sagrada Familia and Park Güell.

  30. Hoy es domingo, 12 de septiembre de 2021.
    Today is Sunday, September 12, 2021.

  31. Mañana será un gran día.
    Tomorrow will be a great day.

  32. La boda de Pepe y Lucía fue el 21 de mayo de 2019.
    Pepe and Lucia’s wedding was May 21, 2019.

  33. Mi estación favorita es el otoño.
    My favorite season is autumn.

  34. ¿Este libro es de terror?
    Is this book a horror book?

  35. ¿Esta es la camiseta que te gusta?
    Is this the t-shirt you like?

  36. Esto es muy importante para mí.
    This is very important to me.

  37. Yo fui una persona muy importante en su vida.
    I was a very important person in his life.

  38. Esta canción es de los años 80.
    This song is from the 80s.

  39. Esta mochila es de mi hija.
    This is my daughter’s backpack.

  40. ¿Es verdad?
    Is it true?

  41. ¿Quién es esa chica?
    Who is that girl?

  42. Este coche es de mi marido.
    This is my husband’s car.

  43. Él es un gran cocinero. Trabaja en uno de los mejores restaurantes del mundo.
    He is a great cook. He works in one of the best restaurants in the world.

  44. ¿Es cierto que ella vive en Miami?
    Is it true that she lives in Miami?

  45. La escultura es de mármol.
    The sculpture is made of marble.

  46. El jarrón es de cristal.
    The vase is made of glass.

  47. Ese reloj es de mi abuelo.
    That watch belongs to my grandfather.

  48. Nueva York es una ciudad increíble.
    New York is an amazing city.

  49. Vosotros sois mis mejores amigos.
    You are my best friends.

  50. Diana es la profesora de mi hijo.
    Diana is my son’s teacher.

  51. ¿Sabes quién es Ramón?
    Do you know who Ramón is?

  52. El precio de esta camiseta es de 20 euros.
    The price of this t-shirt is 20 euros.

  53. Este bolso es barato.
    This bag is cheap.

  54. Este es el edificio más alto de Alemania.
    This is the tallest building in Germany.

  55. Son las cinco.
    It is five o’clock.

  56. Ellas son las cantantes de ese grupo de música.
    They are the singers of this music group.

  57. Él fue presidente de México.
    He was president of Mexico.

  58. Yo seré bombero en el futuro.
    I will be a firefighter in the future.

  59. Esta casa es de Julio y Ana.
    This is Julio and Ana’s house.

  60. Esto es mentira.
    This is a lie.

List of 100 Common Spanish Verbs

Learning Spanish verbs can be confusing if you are a beginner and you don’t really know where to start. For that reason, a list of basic verbs can help you get started with your learning. Here we have gathered 100 basic Spanish verbs that are widely used in this language. The verbs you can find on this list are regular and irregular.

ser: to be
estar: to be
poder: can, to be able to
hacer: to do, to make
tener: to have
saber: to know
conocer: to know
ir: to go
llegar: to arrive

venir: to come
volver: to go back, to come back
traer: to bring
ver: to see, to watch
oír: to hear

escuchar: to listen
vivir: to live
morir: to die
nacer: be born
preguntar: to ask

entender: to understand
empezar, comenzar: to begin
acabar, finalizar: to finish
terminar: to end, to finish
poner: to put
hablar: to speak, to talk
decir: to say, to tell
querer: to want
comer: to eat
dormir: to sleep
beber: to drink
dar: to give
regalar: to give
necesitar: to need
disfrutar: to enjoy
esperar: to expect, to wait, to hope
ayudar: to help

 

elegir: to choose
encontrar: to find
coger*, agarrar, tomar: to catch, to take
tomar: to take, to have
costar: to cost
soñar: to dream
sentir: to feel
prohibir: to forbid
olvidar: to forget
conseguir: to get
aprender: to learn

asistir: to attend
respondercontestar: to answer
doler: to hurt
guardar: to keep
marcharse: to leave
abrir: to open
cerrar: to close
pagar: to pay
leer: to read
pensar: to think
intentar: to try, to attempt
evitar: to avoid
llamar: to call
llevar: to carry
comprobar: to check
confundir: to confuse
preocupar: to concern
continuar: to continue
besar: to kiss
cantar: to sing
bailar: to dance
suceder, pasar: to happen
imaginar: to imagine
explicar: to explain

estar de acuerdo: to agree
no estar de acuerdo, estar en desacuerdo: to disagree
cocinar: to cook
limpiar: to clean
quejarse: to complain
ducharse: to take a shower
cepillarse: to brush
peinarse: to comb
aburrirse: to bore
descubrir: to discover
gustar: to like
no gustar: to dislike
odiar: to hate
dudar: to doubt
ganar: to win, to earn
animar: to encourage

entrar: to enter, to get in, to come in
salir: to leave, to exit, to go out
hacer ejercicio: to exercise
abrazar: to hug
mejorar: to improve
aprobar: to pass
suspender: to fail
apetecer: to fancy
reír: to laugh
sonreír: to smile
llorar: to cry
seguir: to follow
escribir: to write
comprar: to buy

*The verb coger is used in Spain with the meaning “to catch”, but in other Spanish speaking countries this verb has a sexual meaning and they use other verbs like agarrar o tomar

Exercises and quizzes about Spanish common verbs

Spanish Conjugation: conjugating Spanish verbs

All the verbs in Spanish can be classified in groups called conjugations. There are three conjugations: the first conjugation, the second conjugation and the third conjugation.

The first conjugation is for verbs ending in –AR: hablar, bailar
The second conjugation is for verbs ending in –ER: comer, saber
The third conjugation is for verbs ending in –IR: dormir, vivir

All the verbs in Spanish have one of these three endings.

If we want to find out the conjugation of a verb, we must look at the infinitive of this verb and see its ending. If we remove the ending of the verb (which will be –ar, –er or –ir, as said before), the stem of the verb will remain.

We are going to see this with an example. If we have the Spanish regular verb comer (to eat), we see that its ending is -er, and this indicates that it belongs to the second conjugation. If we remove the ending, we have the stem of the verb, which is com-.

We need to know this because Spanish regular verbs are conjugated with the stem of the verb and the endings of each tense. We are going to conjugate the verb comer in the present simple tense in indicative with the stem and the endings of this tense:

yo como
tú comes – usted come
él/ella come
nosotros/nosotras comemos
vosotros/vosotras coméis – ustedes comen
ellos/ellas comen

As you can see, we have chopped off the ending -ER of the infinitive, and we have conjugated the verb in the present simple tense in indicative with the stem of this verb, com-, and the endings of this tense for regular verbs: -o, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en plus the endings of usted/ustedes.

In Spanish irregular verbs the stem does change. But now we are focused in Spanish regular verbs, we’ll see what happens to irregular verbs in another lesson.

Let’s do some exercises to see if you understand this.

 

Online exercises related to Spanish verb conjugations

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