American Countries in Spanish

We are going to see a list with the names of all the American countries in Spanish, which also includes the name of these countries in English.

Remember that countries in Spanish are written with uppercase like in English. However, if you want to write American nationalities in Spanish, you have to do with lowercase.

Country in EnglishCountry in Spanish
United StatesEstados Unidos
BrazilBrasil
CanadaCanadá
MexicoMéxico
Groendland*
(Denmark)
Groenlandia
(Dinamarca)
PeruPerú
ParaguayParaguay
ColombiaColombia
ChileChile
Bolivia Bolivia
Venezuela Venezuela
Ecuador Ecuador
Guyane Guyana
Suriname Surinam
Uruguay Uruguay
Guatemala Guatemala
Cuba Cuba
Honduras Honduras
Nicaragua Nicaragua
Dominican RepublicRepública Dominicana
PanamaPanamá
Costa Rica Costa Rica
Bahamas Bahamas
HaitiHaití
BelizeBelice
El Salvador El Salvador
Jamaica Jamaica
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad y Tobago
Dominica Dominica
Saint LuciaSanta Lucía
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua y Barbuda
Barbados Barbados
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSan Vicente y las Granadinas
GrenadaGranada
Saint Kitts and NevisSan Cristóbal y Nieves
French Guiana*
(France)
Guayana Francesa
Falkland Islands*
(UK)
Islas Malvinas
Guadeloupe* (France)Guadalupe
Martinique*
(France)
Martinica
Turks and Caicos Islands* (UK)Islas Turcas y Caicos
Curaçao* (Netherlands)Curazao
United States Virgin Islands* (US)Islas Vírgenes de los Estados Unidos
Bonaire* (Netherlands)Bonaire
Cayman Islands* (UK)Islas Caimán
Saint Pierre and Miquelon* (France)San Pedro y Miquelón
Aruba* (Netherlands) Aruba
British Virgin Islands* (UK)Islas Vírgenes Británicas
Montserrat* (UK)montserratense
Anguilla* (UK)Anguila
Bermuda* (UK)Bermudas
Saint Martin* (France)San Martín
Sint Maarten (Netherlands)San Martín
Saint Barthélemy* (France)San Bartolomé
Sint Eustatius* (Netherlands)San Eustaquio
Saba* (Netherlands)Saba

European Countries in Spanish

In this post we are going to see a list with the names of the European countries in Spanish that also includes the name of these countries in English.

It is important to remember that countries in Spanish are written with uppercase like in English. However, if we want to write nationalities of European countries in Spanish, we have to do with lowercase.

Country in EnglishCountry in Spanish
SpainEspaña
ItalyItalia
FranceFrancia
Portugal Portugal
TurkeyTurquía
RussiaRusia
UkraineUcrania
KazakhstanKazajistán
GermanyAlemania
SwedenSuecia
Finland Finlandia
DenmarkDinamarca
NorwayNoruega
IcelandIslandia
United KingdomReino Unido
EnglandInglaterra
ScotlandEscocia
WalesGales
IrelandIrlanda
PolandPolonia
GreeceGrecia
BulgariaBulgaria
RomaniaRumania
BelarusBielorrusia
MoldovaMoldavia
AustriaAustria
SwitzerlandSuiza
BelgiumBélgica
HungaryHungría
AzerbaijanAzerbaiyán
ArmeniaArmenia
SerbiaSerbia
Albania Albania
Macedonia Macedonia
Czech RepublicRepública Checa
MonacoMónaco
San Marino San Marino
Georgiageorgiano
Croatia Croacia
LithuaniaLituania
LatviaLetonia
Estonia Estonia
Bosnia Bosnia
SlovakiaEslovaquia
NetherlandsPaíses Bajos
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein
Malta Malta
SloveniaEslovenia
Montenegro Montenegro
CyprusChipre
LuxembourgLuxemburgo
AndorraAndorra

Oceanian Nationalities in Spanish

This list of Oceanian nationalities in Spanish includes the Spanish nationality adjectives for the countries of Oceania, in masculine and feminine, and with their singular and plural forms.

It is important to remember two rules about nationalities in Spanish:

  • Nationalities are written with lowercase.
  • Nationalities agree with the gender and number of the noun they describe.
Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Australianaustraliano australianosaustralianaaustralianas
Papua New Guineanpapúpapúes, papús papú papúes, papús
Micronesianmicronesiomicronesios micronesia micronesias
Fijianfiyianofiyianosfiyianafiyianas
Cook Islandercookianocookianoscookianacookianas
Solomon Islandersalomonense salomonenses salomonense salomonenses
I-Kiribatikiribatianokiribatianoskiribatianakiribatianas
Marshallesemarshalésmarshalesosmarshalesa marshalesas
Nauruannauruano nauruanos nauruana nauruanas
Niueanniueñoniueñosniueñaniueñas
New Zealanderneozelandésneozelandesesneozelandesaneozelandesas
Palauanpalauano palauanos palauana chinas
Samoansamoano samoanos samoana samoanas
Tongantongano tonganos tongana tonganas
Tuvaluantuvaluano tuvaluanos tuvaluana tuvaluanas
Ni-Vanuatuvanuatuense vanuatuenses vanuatuense vanuatuenses

Asian Nationalities in Spanish

This list of Asian nationalities in Spanish includes all the Spanish nationality adjectives for Asian countries in masculine and feminine, and with their singular and plural forms.

Do not forget two things about nationalities in Spanish:

  • They are written with lowercase.
  • They agree with the gender and number of the noun they describe.

Some of these countries have more than one correct gentilicio or demonym in Spanish, like several correct plural forms (this usually happens with many nationalities ending with in singular, as they have two correct endings, –íes and –ís).

A few countries on this list are considered Eurasian (those that have * in the green column).

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Afghanafganoafganosafganaafganas
Saudisaudísaudíes, saudíssaudísaudíes, saudís
Armenianarmenioarmeniosarmeniaarmenias
Azerbaijaniazerbaiyano azerbaiyanos azerbaiyana azerbaiyanas
Bangladeshibangladesíbangladesíes, bangladesís bangladesí bangladesíes, bangladesís
Bahrainibahreiníbahreiníes, bahreinís bahreiní bahreiníes, bahreinís
Burmesebirmano birmanosbirmanabirmanas
Bruneianbruneanobruneanosbruneanabruneanas
Bhutanesebutanésbutaneses butanesabutanesas
Cambodiancamboyanocamboyanoscamboyana camboyanas
Qataricatarícataríes, cataríscatarí cataríes, catarís
Chinesechinochinos chinachinas
North Koreannorcoreanonorcoreanosnorcoreananorcoreanas
South Koreansurcoreanosurcoreanossurcoreanasurcoreanas
Emiratiemiratíemiratíes emiratí emiratíes
Filipinofilipinofilipinosfilipinafilipinas
Georgian*georgianogeorgianosgeorgianageorgianas
Egyptian*egipcioegipciosegipciaegipcias
Indianindio indiosindiaindias
Indonesianindonesio indonesios indonesiaindonesias
Iraqiiraquíiraquíes, iraquísiraquí iraquíes, iraquís
Iranianiraníiraníes, iranísiraní iraníes, iranís
Palestinianpalestinopalestinospalestinapalestinas
Japanesejaponésjaponesesjaponesajaponesas
Jordanianjordanojordanosjordanajordanas
Kazakhstani*kazajokazajoskazajakazajas
Kyrgyzkirguískirguiseskirguisakirguisas
Kuwaitikuwaitíkuwaitíes, kuwaitískuwaití kuwaitíes, kuwaitís
Laolaosianolaosianoslaosianalaosianas
Lebaneselibanéslibaneseslibanesalibanesas
Maldivianmaldivomaldivosmaldivamaldivas
Malaysianmalasiomalasiosmalasiamalasias
Mongolianmongol mongolesmongolamongolas
Nepalinepalínepalíes, nepalís nepalí nepalíes, nepalís
Omaniomaníomaníes, omanís omaní omaníes, omanís
Pakistanipakistaní pakistaníes, pakistaníspakistaní pakistaníes, pakistanís
Russian*rusorusosrusarusas
Singaporeansingapurense singapurenses singapurense singapurenses
Syriansiriosiriossiriasirias
Sri Lankanesrilanquésesrilanquesesesrilanquesaesrilanquesas
Thaitailandéstailandesestailandesatailandesas
Tajikistanitayiko tayikostayikatayikas
Timoresetimorensetimorenses timorensetimorenses
Turkmenistaniturkmenoturkmenosturkmenaturkmenas
Turkish*turcoturcosturcaturcas
Uzbekistaniuzbekouzbekosuzbekauzbekas
Vietnamesevietnamitavietnamitasvietnamitavietnamitas
Yemeniyemeníyemeníes, yemenísyemení yemeníes, yemenís

African Nationalities in Spanish

In this post we are going to learn the African nationalities in Spanish with a list that includes Spanish nationality names for African countries in masculine and feminine, and with their singular and plural forms.

It is important to remember two things about nationalities in Spanish:

  • Nationalities in Spanish are written with lowercase.
  • Nationality adjectives agree with the gender and number of the noun they describe.

Some of these countries have more than one correct gentilicio or demonym in Spanish (and in some cases several correct plural forms).

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Angolanangoleñoangoleñosangoleñaangoleñas
Algerianargelinoargelinosargelinaargelinas
Beninesebeninésbeninesesbeninesabeninesas
Motswana (sg) Batswana (pl)botsuano botsuanos botsuana botsuanas
Burkinabéburkinésburkinesesburkinesa groenlandesas
Burundianburundésburundesesburundesaburundesas
Cape Verdeancaboverdiano caboverdianos caboverdiana caboverdianas
Camerooniancamerunéscamerunesescamerunesacamerunesas
Chadianchadianochadianoschadianachadianas
Comoriancomorense comorensescomorensecomorenses
Ivorianmarfileño marfileños marfileña marfileñas
Egyptianegipcio egipcios egipcia egipcias
Eritreaneritreoeritreoseritreaeritreas
Ethiopianetíope etíopes etíope etíopes
Gabonesegabonésgabonesesgabonesagabonesas
Gambiangambianogambianosgambianagambianas
Ghanaianghanésghanesesghanesaghanesas
Guineanguineanoguineanosguineanaguineanas
Bissau-Guineanbisauguineano bisauguineanos bisauguineana bisauguineanas
Equatoguineanecuatoguineano ecuatoguineanos ecuatoguineana ecuatoguineanas
Kenyankenianokenianoskenianakenianas
Mosotho (sg)
Basotho (pl)
lesotenselesotenseslesotense lesotenses
Liberianliberianoliberianosliberianaliberianas
Libyanlibiolibioslibialibias
Malagasymalgachemalgachesmalgache malgaches
Malawianmalauímalauíesmalauímalauíes
Malianmaliensemaliensesmaliense malienses
Moroccanmarroquímarroquíes, marroquísmarroquí marroquíes, marroquís
Mauritianmauricianomauricianosmauricianamauricianas
Mauritanianmauritanomauritanosmauritanamauritanas
Mozambicanmozambiqueño mozambiqueños mozambiqueña mozambiqueñas
Namibiannamibionamibiosnamibianamibias
Nigeriennigerino nigerinosnigerinanigerinas
Nigeriannigerianonigerianos nigeriananigerianas
Central Africancentroafricano centroafricanos centroafricana centroafricanas
Congolesecongoleño congoleños congoleña congoleñas
Rwandan, Rwandeseruandésruandesesruandesa ruandesas
Saharawisaharauisaharauissaharauisaharauis
Santomeansantotomense santotomensessantotomensesantotomenses
Senegalesesenegaléssenegalesessenegalesasenegalesas
Seychelloisseychelenseseychelensesseychelenseseychelenses
Sierra Leoneansierraleonés sierraleonesessierraleonesasierraleonesas
Somali,
Somalian
somalísomalíes, somalíssomalísomalíes, somalís
Somalilandersomalilandéssomalilandesessomalilandesasomalilandesas
Liswati (sg)
Emaswati (pl)
suazisuazissuazisuazis
South Africansudafricanosudafricanossudafricanasudafricanas
Sudanesesudanéssudanesessudanesasudanesas
South Sudanesesursudanéssursudanesessursudanesasursudanesas
Tanzaniantanzano tanzanos tanzanatanzanas
Togolesetogoléstogoleses togolesatogolesas
Tunisiantunecino tunecinostunecinatunecinas
Ugandanugandés ugandeses ugandesa ugandesas
Djiboutianyibutianoyibutianos yibutiana yibutianas
Zambianzambianozambianos zambiana zambianas
Zimbabweanzimbabuense zimbabuenses zimbabuense zimbabuenses

American Nationalities in Spanish

We are going to learn the American nationalities in Spanish with this list, that includes different Spanish nationality names in masculine and feminine, and with their singular and plural forms.

Remember that nationalities in Spanish are written with lowercase, and also that adjectives agree with the gender and number of the noun they describe.

The following table contains the countries of North America and South America, but also some countries and territories that are physically belong to America but are politically and culturally associated with other countries and continents (these will be marked with a * in the cell of “Nationality in English” with information about the country they belong).

Note that some of the listed countries have more than one correct gentilicio or demonym in Spanish, but we have only written one trying to make it easier to read and learn them.

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Americanestadounidenseestadounidensesestadounidenseestadounidenses
Brazilianbrasileño brasileñosbrasileña brasileñas
Canadiancanadiense canadienses canadiense canadienses
Mexicanmexicano mexicanos mexicana mexicanas
Greelander*
(Denmark)
groenlandésgroenlandeses groenlandesa groenlandesas
Peruvianperuanoperuanosperuanaperuanas
Paraguayanparaguayoparaguayosparaguayaparaguayas
Colombiancolombianocolombianoscolombianacolombianas
Chileanchilenochilenoschilenachilenas
Bolivianbolivianobolivianosbolivianabolivianas
Venezuelanvenezolanovenezolanosvenezolanavenezolanas
Ecuadorianecuatorianoecuatorianosecuatorianaecuatorianas
Guyaneseguyanésguyanesesguyanesaguyanesas
Surinamesesurinaméssurinamesessurinamesa surinamesas
Uruguayanuruguayouruguayosuruguayauruguayas
Guatemalanguatemaltecoguatemaltecosguatemaltecaguatemaltecas
Cubancubanocubanoscubanacubanas
Honduranhondureñohondureñoshondureñahondureñas
Nicaraguannicaragüense nicaragüenses nicaragüense nicaragüenses
Dominicandominicanodominicanosdominicanadominicanas
Panamanianpanameñopanameñospanameñapanameñas
Costa Ricancostarricense costarricenses costarricense costarricenses
Bahamianbahameñobahameñosbahameñabahameñas
Haitianhaitianohaitianoshaitianahaitianas
Belizeanbeliceño beliceñosbeliceña beliceñas
Salvadoransalvadoreñosalvadoreñossalvadoreñasalvadoreñas
Jamaicanjamaicanojamaicanosjamaicanajamaicanas
Puerto Ricanpuertorriqueño puertorriqueñospuertorriqueña puertorriqueñas
Trinidadiantrinitensehúngaroshúngarahúngaras
Dominicandominiqués dominiquesesdominiquesa dominiquesas
Saint Luciansantalucensesantalucenses santalucense santalucenses
Antiguan, Barbudanantiguanoantiguanosantiguanaantiguanas
Barbadianbarbadense barbadenses barbadense barbadenses
Saint Vincentiansanvicentinosanvicentinos sanvicentina sanvicentinas
Grenadiangranadinogranadinosgranadinagranadinas
Kittitian / Nevisiansancristobaleñosancristobaleñossancristobaleñasancristobaleñas
French Guianan / French Guianese*
(France)
francoguayanésfrancoguayanesesfrancoguayanesa francoguayanesas
Falkland Islander / Falklander*
(UK)
malvinense malvinenses malvinense malvinenses
Guadeloupean* (France)guadalupeñoguadalupeñosguadalupeñaguadalupeñas
Martinican*
(France)
martiniquésmartiniquesesmartiniquesamartiniquesas
Turks and Caicos Islander* (UK)turcocaiqueñoturcocaiqueñosturcocaiqueñaturcocaiqueñas
Curaçaoan* (Netherlands)curazoleñocurazoleñoscurazoleñacurazoleñas
American Virgin Islander* (US)virgenense estadounidense virgenenses estadounidenses virgenense estadounidense virgenenses estadounidenses
Bonairean* (Netherlands)bonairense bonairenses bonairense bonairenses
Caymanian* (UK)caimanéscaimanesescaimanesacaimanesas
Saint-Pierrais* (France)sanpedrinosanpedrinos sanpedrinasanpedrinas
Aruban* (Netherlands)arubeñoarubeñosarubeñaarubeñas
British Virgin Islander* (UK)virgenense británico virgenenses británicos virgenense británica virgenenses británicas
Montserrat* (UK)montserratense montserratenses montserratense montserratenses
Anguillan* (UK)anguilense anguilenses anguilenseanguilenses
Bermudian* (UK)bermudeño bermudeñosbermudeñabermudeñas
Saint-Martinois* (France)sanmartinense sanmartinenses sanmartinense sanmartinenses
Sint Maartener* (Netherlands)sanmartinense sanmartinenses sanmartinense sanmartinenses
Barthélemois / Saint-Barth* (France)sanbartolomense sanbartolomenses sanbartolomense sanbartolomenses
St. Eustatian / Statian* (Netherlands)eustaqueño eustaqueños eustaqueña eustaqueñas
Saban* (Netherlands)sabanosabanossabanasabanas

European Nationalities in Spanish

We are going to see all the European nationalities in Spanish in a list that includes the name of the English nationality and the Spanish nationality names in masculine and feminine, and in singular and plural forms.

It is important to remember that nationalities in Spanish are written with lowercase, and also that adjectives of nationality (like all the adjectives in Spanish) agree with the gender and number of the noun they describe.

This table includes the nationalities in Spanish for different countries and regions in Europe, including also some euroasiatic countries.

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Spanishespañolespañolesespañolaespañolas
Italianitalianoitalianositalianaitalianas
Frenchfrancésfranceses francesafrancesas
Portugueseportuguésportuguesesportuguesaportuguesas
Turkishturcoturcosturca turcas
Russianrusorusosrusarusas
Ukrainianucranianoucranianosucranianaucranianas
Kazakhstanikazajokazajoskazajakazajas
Germanalemánalemanesalemanaalemanas
Swedishsuecosuecossuecasueca
Finnishfinlandésfinlandesesfinlandesafinlandesas
Danishdanésdanesesdanesadanesas
Norwegiannoruegonoruegosnorueganoruegas
Icelandicislandésislandesesislandesaislandesas
Britishbritánicobritánicosbritánicabritánicas
Englishinglésinglesesinglesainglesas
Scottishescocésescocesesescocesaescocesas
Welshgalésgalesesgalesagalesas
Irishirlandésirlandesesirlandesairlandesas
Polishpolacopolacospolacapolacas
Greekgriegogriegosgriegagriegas
Bulgarianbúlgarobúlgarosbúlgarabúlgaras
Romanianrumanorumanosrumanarumanas
Belarusianbielorrusobielorrusosbielorrusabielorrusas
Moldovanmoldavomoldavosmoldavamoldavas
Austrianaustriacoaustriacosaustriacaaustriacas
Swisssuizosuizossuizasuizas
Belgianbelgabelgasbelgabelgas
Hungarianhúngarohúngaroshúngarahúngaras
Azerbaijaniazerbaiyano azerbaiyanosazerbaiyanaazerbaiyanas
Armenianarmenioarmeniosarmeniaarmenias
Serbianserbioserbiosserbiaserbias
Albanianalbanésalbanesesalbanesaalbanesas
Macedonianmacedoniomacedoniosmacedoniamacedonias
Czechchecochecoschecachecas
Monégasque / Monacanmonegascomonegascosmonegascamonegascas
Sammarinesesanmarinensesanmarinenses sanmarinense sanmarinense
Georgiangeorgianogeorgianosgeorgianageorgianas
Croatiancroatacroatascroatacroatas
Lithuanianlituanolituanoslituanalituanas
Latvianletónletonesletonaletonas
Estonianestonioestoniosestoniaestonias
Bosnianbosniobosniosbosniabosnias
Slovakeslovacoeslovacoseslovacaeslovacas
Dutchneerlandésneerlandesesneerlandesaneerlandesas
Liechtensteinerliechtensteiniano liechtensteinianos liechtensteiniana  liechtensteinianas
Maltesemaltésmaltesesmaltesamaltesas
Sloveneeslovenoeslovenoseslovenaeslovenas
Montenegrinmontenegrinomontenegrinosmontenegrina montenegrinas
Cypriotchipriota chipriotas chipriota chipriota
Luxembourgerluxemburguésluxemburguesesluxemburguesaluxemburguesas
Andorranandorranoandorranosandorranaandorranas

Nationalities in Spanish: uses and endings

This time we are going to talk about gentilicios in Spanish, in English known as gentilics or demonyms, in order to learn different nationalities in Spanish (nacionalidades en español). We are going to see how they are formed, their use and the most common endings.

First of all, a gentilicio or adjective of nationality is a word in Spanish used to express a relation to a geographical place, which may be a country, a city, a town, a state, a village, a continent or any other place.

Gentilicios in Spanish can function as adjectives or nouns.
It is an adjective because it describes a noun by telling the geographical origin of a person. For example:
El hombre colombiano habla por teléfono con un hombre argentino.

But a gentilicio is a noun when you refer to a person only using the gentilicio:
El colombiano habla por teléfono con un argentino.

In this post we will focus mainly on gentilicios that function as adjectives.

Using nationality adjectives to say where you are from

Let’s briefly summarize the two ways to say where you are from in Spanish.

The first one is using the adjective of nationality in Spanish with the verb ser.
Some examples:

Soy español.
Ella es italiana.
Nosotros somos canadienses.
Vosotros sois griegos.
Ellas son irlandesas.


The second way is using the verb ser + preposition de + name of the country, city, continent, etc. In this case the preposition de means “from”. Some examples:

Soy de España.
Ella es de Italia.
Nosotros somos de Canadá.
Vosotros sois de Grecia.
Ellas son de Irlanda.

In a nutshell, there are two options to say where are you from:

  • SER + nationality (e.g. Soy estadounidense).
  • SER + de + country, city, etc. (e.g. Soy de Estados Unidos).

Some general rules about nationalities in Spanish (gentilicios)

  • Nationalities in Spanish are always written with lowercase, unlike in English (but names of countries are written with an initial capital letter like in English).
  • Gentilicios or adjectives of nationality change according to the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) of the noun they describe. This happens with all the adjectives in Spanish.

Common endings for nationalities in Spanish

In Spanish, the adjectives of nationality are formed with the name of the country and a suffix or ending. There are common endings for different countries. However, there are no rules about what ending should be used for each country, so it is a good idea to try to learn as many different gentilicios or nationalities as possible and find some common patterns.

And although there are no general rules for the endings of different countries, there are rules about the gender and number for each ending. We will see this below.

To summarize the previous explanation with an example, imagine you want to write the nationalities of people from Russia. The country Russia is written Rusia in Spanish. We take the part rus- from the name of the country and add the correct endings, with their variations in gender and number. In this case the endings are o, -a, -os, -as. So, ruso would be the masculine singular and rusos the masculine plural; rusa the feminine singular and rusas the feminine plural. These endings are correct for this country and some others, but for other countries we will have to use other endings to write the correct demonyms.

There are many endings for nationalities in Spanish, but we will focus on the most common ones, and these are:

  • consonant
  • -és / esa
  • -ense
  • -ano / -ana
  • -eno / -ena
  • -eño / -eña
  • -ino / -ina
  • -eco / -eca
  • -ego / -ega
  • -aco / -aca
  • -ita

Nationalities ending in consonant

Nationalities in Spanish that end in consonant are usually masculine, and form their feminine adding an –a at the end. For example: español → española.

The masculine form in plural add -es and the feminine form in plural add -as.
For example: españoles, españolas

As you can see, this kind of adjectives of nationality agree in gender and number with the noun.

See two examples in the following table:

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Spanishespañolespañolesespañolaespañolas
Germanalemánalemanesalemanaalemanas

As you have seen in the previous example, the accent over the –á– in alemán is dropped in the plural form (and also in the feminine forms). This is also the case with adjectives of nationality in Spanish ending in -és/esa, which we will see below.

Sentence examples:

  • Este artista español ha ganado un premio.
  • Los turistas alemanes se alojan en un hotel de Mallorca.

Nationalities ending in -o / -a

Nationalities ending in -o are usually masculine. To form the feminine, change the -o to an -a.

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Russianrusorusosrusarusas
Europeaneuropeoeuropeoseuropeaeuropeas

Sentence examples:

  • Esta actriz rusa protagoniza una de las películas más vistas del año.
  • Los ciudadanos europeos necesitan el pasaporte para entrar a ese país.

Nationalities ending in -és / esa

These are some examples of gentilicios in Spanish that end in -és / esa. These also agree in gender and number with the noun. See them:

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Frenchfrancésfrancesesfrancesafrancesas
Finnishfinlandésfinlandesesfinlandesafinlandesas
Scottishescocésescoceses escocesa escocesas
Japanesejaponésjaponesesjaponesa japonesas
Portugueseportuguésportugueses portuguesa portuguesas

As you have seen in the previous examples, the accent over the –é– is dropped in the plural form and also in the feminine.

Also note that the ending -és / esa in these nationalities in Spanish is common in some adjectives in English that end in –ish and –ese, like Scottish, Japanese…

Sentence examples:

  • Pierre, mi amigo francés, vendrá a España el próximo mes.
  • Conozco a una persona portuguesa.

Nationalities ending in -ense

Nationalities in Spanish that end with the suffix -ense agree in number with the noun, but the singular forms are the same in both masculine and feminine.

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Canadiancanadiensecanadiensescanadiense canadienses
Nicaraguannicaragüense nicaragüenses nicaragüense nicaragüenses
Native of the USAestadounidense estadounidenses estadounidense estadounidenses

Sentence examples:

  • Me encantan las películas de este actor canadiense.
  • Mi amigo estadounidense trabaja en una empresa muy reconocida.

Nationalities ending in -ano / -ana

These are examples of gentilicios in Spanish that end in -ano (masculine) and -ana (feminine). The plural forms are -anos and -anas. There are a lot of nationalities with these suffixes. See the following examples:

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Italianitalianoitalianositalianaitalianas
Americanamericanoamericanosamericanaamericanas
Mexicanmexicanomexicanos mexicana mexicanas
Australianaustralianoaustralianosaustraliana australianas
Peruvianperuanoperuanos peruanaperuanas

Sentence examples:

  • Este cocinero mexicano prepara unos platos deliciosos.
  • El periodista peruano hizo una entrevista al futbolista italiano.
  • Tu amigo australiano es muy amable.

Nationalities ending in -eno / -ena

The are gentilicios in Spanish that end in -eno (masculine) and -ena (feminine). The plural forms are -enos and -enas respectively. See the following examples:

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Chileanchilenochilenoschilenachilenas
Slovenianeslovenoeslovenoseslovenaeslovenas

Sentence examples:

  • Mi profesora de español es chilena.
  • Mis vecinos son eslovenos.

Nationalities ending in -eño / -eña

Gentilicios in Spanish that end in -eño (masculine) and -eña (feminine) are also common. The plural forms are -eños and -eñas. See these examples:

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Panamanianpanameñopanameñospanameña panameñas
Brazilianbrasileñobrasileñosbrasileñabrasileñas
Honduranhondureño hondureñoshondureñahondureñas

Sentence examples:

  • Mis amigos brasileños son muy simpáticos.
  • ¿Desde cuándo conoces a ese hombre hondureño?
  • Mis tíos son hondureños, pero viven en Estados Unidos desde hace cinco años.

Nationalities ending in -eco / -eca

In Spanish there are some gentilicios that end in -eco (masculine) and -eca (feminine), with the plural forms -ecos and
-ecas respectively. See a few examples:

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Swedishsuecosuecossueca suecas
Guatemalanguatemaltecoguatemaltecosguatemaltecaguatemaltecas

Sentence example:

  • Me gusta mucho el nuevo disco de este cantante sueco.

Nationalities ending in -ego / -ega

See an example of a gentilicio that end in –ego (masculine) and –ega (feminine) with the plural forms of –egos and –egas respectively:

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Greekgriegogriegosgriega griegas

Sentence example:

  • Los turistas griegos han visitado los lugares más interesantes de la ciudad.

Nationalities ending in -aco / -aca

In Spanish there are some gentilicios that end in -aco (masculine) and -aca (feminine), with the plural forms -acos and
-acas respectively. See some examples:

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Slovakeslovacoeslovacoseslovaca eslovacas
Austrianaustriacoaustriacosaustriacaaustriacas

Sentence examples:

  • El tenista austriaco no jugará el próximo partido.
  • Estos estudiantes eslovacos son muy inteligentes.

Nationalities ending in -ino / -ina

There are some nationalities in Spanish that end in -ino (masculine) and -ina (feminine) with the plural forms -inos and
-inas respectively. See some examples:

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Argentinianargentinoargentinosargentina argentinas
Philippinefilipinofilipinosfilipinafilipinas
Algerianargelinoargelinosargelinaargelinas

Sentence examples:

  • Mi padre es argelino, pero vive en Madrid desde hace dos años.
  • La modelo argentina aparece en la portada de una revista de moda.

Nationalities ending in -ita

Nationalities in Spanish that end with the suffix -ita agree in number with the noun, but the singular forms are the same in both masculine and feminine.

Nationality in EnglishNationality in Spanish
(Masculine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Masculine plural)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine singular)
Nationality in Spanish
(Feminine plural)
Vietnamesevietnamitavietnamitasvietnamita vietnamitas

Sentence examples:

  • La mujer vietnamita lleva un sombrero llamado Nón Lá.
  • Ese hombre vietnamita lleva un sombrero llamado Nón Lá.
  • Estos estudiantes vietnamitas llevan un sombrero llamado Nón Lá.

How to say where are you from in Spanish

In everyday conversations, specially with people we barely know, it is common to say where are we from. If you are asking how to say where are you from in Spanish, this post is for you. We are going to cover this topic in a quick and easy way, explaining the two ways of saying where we are from in Spanish.

1) With the verb ‘ser’ and the name of the city, country…

One way of saying where you are from in Spanish is using verb ser in the first person singular (soy) with the preposition de and the name of your city, country, town, etc. You can omit the subject or not, but in Spanish is usually omitted. See the following examples.

Soy de España.
Soy de Estados Unidos.
Soy de Grecia.
Soy de Dinamarca.
Soy de Puerto Rico.
Soy de Colombia.
Soy de Trinidad y Tobago
.
Soy de Sevilla.
Soy de Murcia.
Soy de Lima
.

As you can see, in all of these examples we use the structure
Verb SER + Preposition DE + Name country/city/town…

If you want to say where someone else is from, use the same structure. However, don’t forget that you can’t use the first person singular, because you are not talking about yourself. Use the appropriate form of the verb ser: eres, es, somos, sois, son. See the following examples:

¿Eres de Valencia?
Ella es de Moscú.
Somos de Madrid.
¿Vosotros sois de Estados Unidos?
Ellos son de Francia.

2) With the verb ‘ser’ and the nationality adjective

The other way to say where you are from in Spanish is using the verb ser with the adjective of nationality.
To use this structure correctly, you must know nationalities in Spanish and use appropriately the gender and number of these nationality adjectives.
See the following examples:

Soy español / Soy española.
Soy francés / Soy francesa.
Soy belga.
Soy portugués / Soy portuguesa.
Soy estadounidense.
Soy colombiano / Soy colombiana.

And if you want to say where someone else is from, use the same structure with appropriate form of the verb ser: eres, es, somos, sois, son:

Ella es venezolana.
Somos españoles.
¿Sois canadienses?
Ellos son marroquíes.

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